“Topographic-map-of-Montserrat-en” by Ivan25 – Own work. Licensed under Public domain via Wikimedia Commons. Topographic map of Montserrat showing the “exclusion zone” due to volcanic activity, and the new airport in the north. The roads and settlements in the exclusion zone have mostly been destroyed.
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Montserrat is a volcanic island in the Caribbean Sea, southeast of Puerto Rico. Since continued eruptions from the Soufriere Hills volcano began in the 1990’s, thousands of people have been forced to leave the island. The country’s capital is Plymouth, but due to the volcanic activity, this city has been abandoned since 1997. Interim government facilities have been built miles away at Brades Estate at the northwest end of the island. Montserrat is divided into three parishes; St. Anthony, St. Georges, and St. Peter.
1493, Nov. 11 Montserrat is discovered in the 2nd voyage of Columbus.
1649 Oliver Cromwell transports Irish political prisoners to the island.
1651 Irish bring first slaves to Montserrat.
1768 St. Patrick’s Day, Slave rebellion on Montserrat.
1783 Treaty of Versailles, French return Grenada, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Montserrat to the British.